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Learning to Know 4 Factors Affecting Forex Movements
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Learning to Become a Successful Forex Trader
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Learning How to Make Your Own Forex Trading System
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Basic Technical Analysis
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Learning Forex Trading Analysis Using Intermarket Analysis
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University of Oxford (England)
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University of Manitoba
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University of Shanghai
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University of Hawaii at Manoa
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University of Maryland, College Park

Learning to Know 4 Factors Affecting Forex Movements

Learning Forex: Action buyers and sellers around the world who participated in the movement of foreign exchange worth billions of dollars every day. In fact, trading forex / forex has become a global activity when the economic events play a greater role in the forex market.

Here we will learn about some of the economic trends and events for those who are new to forex.

The forex market is mainly driven by macro-economic factors that affect the decision of the trader to determine the value of a currency at a specific time (follow the forex trading education). The economic health of a country is an important factor in the value of its currency due to the many economic events and information that can be changed every day. In turn, this will affect the price pegerakan.

Let’s take a closer look, four factors affecting the change of currency rate movement.

Capital market

The capital market is the most visible indicator of a country’s economic health related. Strengthening or the fall in the stock market of the country is usually the economic signals in the eyes of investors.

Forex traders rely heavily on economic data that in many cases the same economic data will have an influence on market movements.

International trade

The level of trade between countries representing a request for goods or services of a country. The higher the demand will typically have an impact on strengthening the country’s currency. Example: to buy goods from Australia, an importer who came from outside Australia should convert their currency into Australian dollars (AUD). It will also increase the demand for the AUD, so it will give effect to the strengthening of the AUD.

Surplus and deficit balance of trade is an example of economic data of a country in terms of international trade. If the surplus increases – or decreases the deficit – then the country’s currency will usually be strengthened. Conversely, if the reduced surplus – or deficit increases – it is usually the country’s currency will weaken.

political conditions

The political situation of a country also plays a major role in the country’s economic prospects and will have an impact on its currency. Forex traders will continue to monitor the news and political events to gauge the economy associated with currency.

Election is a great event for the currency. The exchange rate strengthened if the parties have a program and a good influence for the economy came out as the winner of the election. In short, if the election winner is the one who “coveted” by the market, then the country’s currency will strengthen.

Fiscal and monetary policy of the government is the most important factor in economic decision making. The central bank’s decision on interest rates that the sharp impact also affects the forex market.

Economic reports

Report economic calendar is very important when prices move fast in the market. The report on the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) or GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is perhaps the most obvious economic data, because it is the basis of a country’s economic strength.

Inflation is also a very important indicator because it is an indication of an increase in prices and purchasing power. However, inflation is a double-edged sword where often there is pressure on the currency when purchasing power declines. On the other hand, it can also lead to currency appreciation because it may force the central bank to raise interest rates in order to control inflation.

Other reports such as the employment sector also carry important information about the economic power of a country. One job sector data that are excellent in forex trading is the Non-Farm Payrolls Data AS.

Learning to Become a Successful Forex Trader

Learning Forex: Trading now become a very interesting field and a lot of people who started to jump in this business, but unfortunately for example you search on the Google search engine will be found articles where the statistics nearly 90% of traders fail. The question on your mind is who is wrong, whether the business is deceptive or trader’s own fault?

Actually, the fault lies in the trader’s own self is not trading. That’s because most novice trader when falls in this business are less equipped with sufficient knowledge and understanding. They just tempted by the benefits to be obtained and how easy it is to make money in this trading business. They often forget that this trading business in general as well as where there is a risk in it and unfortunately less aware novice trader or concern with the accompanying risks of this trading business.

Then many of the novice trader who failed minded if they do not have the talent in this trading business. Though no one is born to be a professional trader. Being a professional trader is not because of talent, but rather to become a professional trader are to be formed. Being a great trader was not a natural talent. No one can prove this theory to the story of “The Turtle Trader”.

In 1983, two successful trader that Richard Dennis and Bill Eckhardt argue with quite hot. They debated whether to become a successful trader was because of the talent / descent or can be taught in the sense that a successful trader can be formed.

Bill Eckhardt believes that becoming a successful trader and it was because of the talent can not be taught, while Richard Dennis otherwise assume that everyone can be a successful trader through correct trading education. The argument war eventually brought them to test his theory. Richard Dennis eventually recruited 23 people from various backgrounds and start teaching them about trading to see how their performance after the training. The training in each of the 23 people were given a set of trading rules or trading plan that must be followed, but in the end all be returned to each of the 23 people how they are going to trade.

Richard Dennis mentions 23 people with the title “The Turtle” and give them each $ 1 million for tradingkan, and in four years the group could profit to the end of the capital of $ 1 million to $ 100 million. And one of the people who participated in the group, namely the Turtle Curtis Faith who was 19 years old when you first join the program held by Richard Dennis’s.

The results of this experiment membutikan that to be a successful trader is not because of talent. Almost everyone can become a successful trader with the tools and the right training and continuous training to train the skill or ability in trading.

Learning How to Make Your Own Forex Trading System

Every trader must really want the best trading system for himself. And indeed it is imperative you have a trading system itself. You can actually make their own trading system. How membuatnyapun not too difficult and not too long, but the process of testing and perbaikannyalah which takes quite a long time, about one or two months. This is only natural because the trading system to produce accurate and reliable takes a fairly long process. In addition, to make the best trading system and nice, it takes patience. Relax, when you managed to make the trading system up and running with maximum power, sacrifice and your hard work will pay off. Here are the steps to make learning forex trading system itself:

1. Determine the style of trading is suitable for you

The first step is to determine the trading style that suits your own. Choose whether you want to become a day trader (day trader) or a trader weekly (swing trader). Once you’re satisfied with a suitable trading style, you can specify the time frame (time frame) that you will use in the trading system.

2. Find an indicator for identifying trends

Identify trends as early as possible the wishes of the trader, you should use indicators that can meet those needs. One of the indicators are quite accurate and the most widely used is the moving average. Generally, traders use two MA that has a different speed for identifying price trends. Trend will be formed in the event of a cross between the two Supreme Court (cross over).

3. Find the indicator to confirm the trend

The emergence of false signals such as prices rise or fall suddenly (spike) and a few moments later will return to the initial price, often appear in the forex world. And many traders are stuck because of it. How can I avoid this? You can use the indicators that could confirm the trend signals that arise from, for example cross over MA. Indicators that you can use include stochastic, RSI and MACD. Choose one that you think is good and easy to use to confirm the trend.

4. Determine the risk

This is very important when you want to make forex trading system. You have to determine the magnitude of risk of loss you are willing to tolerate every transaction you make and limit maximum risk you are prepared to tolerate. It became a very important part because basically you just think of profit without thinking losses that could have happened. Whereas a mindset like this is not right. An experienced forex trader will always be ready for all possibilities that will occur, including the possible loss that would occur. For that knowledge of money management should be understood in forex trading.

5. The right time to enter and exit the market

You have to determine the exact time when to enter and when to exit the market. The goal of a trader is to earn maximum profit. In general, there are two characters trader, namely traders aggressive and traders who prefer trading safely. The difference is in the open position when done. For aggressive traders tend to quickly enter the market when the signal emerging trends, while traders play it safe normally would wait bounce to confirm these trends are visible. To close position you can use several options. One with a trailing stop that move the stop loss level in accordance with the price movement. If you make purchases and the prices turned up 20 pips, move the stop losses too as far as 20 pips. Whatever you choose, be consistent with the way you’ve chosen.

6. Record and practice

If you’ve found and managed to create a trading system that suits your own trading style, record what you’ve done during the search process and fill the system with the best. You need to be disciplined and patient in this regard. If you can not discipline to follow trading system that you have created yourself, the type of any trading system will not be able to bring profit to you.

Six steps above are the steps to make the process of learning forex trading system is best for yourself. And of course patience plays an important role here. When you’ve got him, Discipline with the system. And do not hesitate to modify the trading system into a trading system better and is able to provide maximum profit for you. Congratulations to learn forex !!!

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Basic Technical Analysis

1. Market action Discounts everything

One of the advantages in using technical analysis is that the movement of price (price action) is likely to reflect the information circulating on the market. Is it a rumor or sentiment. Thus, the things we need to take decisions is price movement itself. So we do not need to be troubled by news or rumors, for example, regarding John Doe want to do this or that. Just look for the price action of his. Quiet … quiet … later we will study.

2. Prices move in trends

Prices move in trends, he said. So, not only are there fashion trends. The price movement has also, you know! The point is that the price movement tends to move in the direction (trend) until a certain moment the trend will end. Its direction can be raised, lowered, or flat course. By knowing the market trends, then we will be able to take the right decision.

3. History repeats itself

History always repeats itself. The technician (the term for trader ber “prow” of technical analysis) found that price movements tend to form certain patterns. These patterns also have a tendency to recur from time to time. Thus, the recurrence of these patterns can be used to predict which direction the next price movement based on the “history” is recorded when the same patterns emerge in the past.

Technical analysis can be very subjective. Two analysts who look at the same chart might have a different view. This can happen because both have different styles. This subjectivity those that can be anticipated with a solid base of technical analysis. The important thing now is that you understand the basic principles of technical analysis before, so it will be easier to understand the more complex technical analysis such as technical analysis based on Fibonacci theory or John Bollinger.

Learning Forex Trading Analysis Using Intermarket Analysis

Learning Forex: You’ll get a much better picture clear if it could understand how markets interact with each other. It would be very interesting to observe the relationship between the commodity, the price of bonds, stocks and currencies.

In most cycles, there was a general order in which the four markets may move. By looking at all of the movement, we will be better able to judge which way the market will move? Because in principle the four markets cooperate and some against direction.

Push and Pull

Let’s see how the prices of commodities, bonds, stocks and currencies interact. When commodity prices rise, the cost of goods will be pushed up thus increasing the price movements or inflation. In turn potentially interest rates will also increase.

The relationship between interest rates and bond prices are inversely proportional. Therefore usually bond prices will fall when interest rates rise.

In general, bond prices and stock prices are correlated. When bond prices begin to fall, then the stock price will eventually follow suit due to the cost of borrowing becomes more expensive and the cost of doing business rose due to inflation.

Again, we will see moments between bond prices fall which caused a decline in the market price of the stock.

Currency markets have an impact on all markets, but the main focus on commodity prices. Commodity prices will affect the price of the bond and then stock prices.

The US dollar and commodity prices were generally in the opposite trend as the dollar declined against other currencies.

Application

Intermarket analysis is not a method that can provide a signal to buy or sell signal. However, providing excellent information to confirm trends and will provide information on the potential reversal in price direction.

If commodity prices rise, bond prices have started to turn lower. A matter of time to wait for the stock price falls.

Nonetheless, this is only a kind of “warning” that there will be a reversal of the trend that will probably happen in the near future if bond prices continue and change to a lower level.

Intermarket Analysis Not Succeed?

There is always a correlation between these markets, but there are times when correlations mentioned above will not give a good picture.

When the collapse of the Asian market in 1997, the US market saw share prices and bond prices goodbye (stocks fall as bond prices rise, and stocks rose as bonds fell). This violates the positive correlation of bond and stock prices. So, why is this happening?

A typical market relationships will look when inflation looks. So, when we moved into a deflationary environment, the relationship will shift.

Deflation generally will push the stock market to move to a low level without any potential for stock price growth. On the other hand, bond prices will move higher to reflect the decline in interest rates (remember, interest rates and bond prices move in opposite directions).

Effective application of intermarket analysis can help you to understand the dynamics of the shifting global economy (learn also about how to analyze the forex trading).

University of Oxford (England)

The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University or simply Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England. While having no known date of foundation, there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world’s second-oldest surviving university. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled northeast to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge The two “ancient universities” are frequently jointly referred to as “Oxbridge”.The university is made up of a variety of institutions, including 38 constituent colleges and a full range of academic departments which are organised into four divisions.All the colleges are self-governing institutions as part of the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities. Being a city university, it does not have a main campus; instead, all the buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre.Most undergraduate teaching at Oxford is organised around weekly tutorials at the self-governing colleges and halls, supported by classes, lectures and laboratory work provided by university faculties and departments. Oxford is the home of several notable scholarships, including the Clarendon Scholarship which was launched in 2001 and the Rhodes Scholarship which has brought graduate students to study at the university for more than a century. The university operates the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system in the United Kingdom. Oxford has educated many notable alumni, including 27 Nobel laureates, 26 British prime ministers (most recently David Cameron, the incumbent) and many foreign heads of state.The University of Oxford has no known foundation date. Teaching at Oxford existed in some form in 1096, but it is unclear at what point a university came into being. It grew quickly in 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris.The historian Gerald of Wales lectured to such scholars in 1188 and the first known foreign scholar, Emo of Friesland, arrived in 1190. The head of the university was named a chancellor from at least 1201 and the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231. The university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III.After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge, later forming the University of Cambridge.The students associated together on the basis of geographical origins, into two “nations”, representing the North and the South Southern or Australes, which included English people south of the Trent, the Irish and the Welsh. In later centuries, geographical origins continued to influence many students’ affiliations when membership of a college or hall became customary in Oxford. In addition to this, members of many religious orders, including Dominicans, Franciscans, Carmelites and Augustinians, settled in Oxford in the mid-13th century, gained influence and maintained houses or halls for students. At about the same time, private benefactors established colleges to serve as self-contained scholarly communities. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, and John Balliol, father of a future King of Scots; Balliol College bears his name. Another founder, Walter de Merton, a Lord Chancellor of England and afterwards Bishop of Rochester, devised a series of regulations for college life; Merton College thereby became the model for such establishments at Oxford. as well as at the University of Cambridge. Thereafter, an increasing number of students forsook living in halls and religious houses in favour of living in colleges.As a collegiate university, Oxford’s structure can be confusing to those unfamiliar with it. The university is a federation, comprising over forty self-governing colleges and halls, along with a central administration headed by the Vice-Chancellor.Academic departments are located centrally within the structure of the federation; they are not affiliated with any particular college. Departments provide facilities for teaching and research, determine the syllabi and guidelines for the teaching of students, perform research, and deliver lectures and seminars.Colleges arrange the tutorial teaching for their undergraduates, and the members of an academic department are spread around many colleges. Though certain colleges do have subject alignments e.g., Nuffield College as a centre for the social sciences these are exceptions, and most colleges will have a broad mix of academics and students from a diverse range of subjects. Facilities such as libraries are provided on all these levels: by the central university the Bodleian, by the departments (individual departmental libraries, such as the English Faculty Library), and by colleges (each of which maintains a multi-discipline library for the use of its members.
In 2011/12, the university had an income of £1,016m; key sources were research grants (£409m), teaching funding (£204m), and academic fees (£173m). The colleges had a total income of £361m, of which £47m was flow-through from the university.While the university has the larger annual income and operating budget, the colleges have a larger aggregate endowment: over £2.9bn compared to the University’s £850m. The Central University’s endowment, along with some of the colleges’, is managed by the University’s wholly owned endowment management office, Oxford University Endowment Management, formed in 2007. The University has substantial investments in fossil fuel companies, and in 2014 begain consultations on whether it should follow some US universities which have committed to sell off their fossil fuel investments.The university launched a fundraising campaign in May 2008, called Oxford Thinking – The Campaign for the University of Oxford. This is looking to support three areas: academic posts and programmes, student support, and buildings and infrastructure and having passed its original target of £1.25 billion in March 2012, the target has now been raised to £3 billion.Oxford is a member of the Russell Group of research-led British universities, the G5, the League of European Research Universities, and the International Alliance of Research Universities. It is also a core member of the Europaeum and forms part of the “golden triangle” of highly research intensive and elite southern English universities.

University of Manitoba

The University of Manitoba has three main locations: the Bannatyne Campus, the Fort Garry Campus and the William Norrie Centre.The downtown Bannatyne campus of the university comprises a complex of ten buildings located west of the Health Sciences Centre between McDermot Ave and William Ave in Central Winnipeg. This complex houses the medical and dental instructional units of the university. The Faculty of Dentistry, the Faculty of Medicine, the School of Medical Rehabilitation, and the School of Dental Hygiene are the major health sciences units located on this campus. The Faculty of Pharmacy officially joined the Bannatyne campus with the opening of the 95,000 sq ft Apotex Centre on October 16, 2008. The Brodie Center is known as the “flagship” which connects all three faculties as well as the Neil John MacLean Health Sciences Library and the Joe Doupe Fitness Centre. It is located on 727 McDermot Avenue.The main Fort Garry campus (located on the Red River in south Winnipeg) comprises over 60 teaching and research buildings of the University and sits on 233 hectares of land. In addition, Smartpark is the location of seven buildings leased to research and development organizations involving university-industry partnerships. The address is 66 Chancellors Circle.The William Norrie Centre on Selkirk Avenue is the campus for social work education for inner-city residents.The university operates agricultural research stations near Glenlea and Carman, Manitoba. The Ian N. Morrison Research Farm near Carman is a 406 acres (164 ha) facility located 70 km from Winnipeg, while the Glenlea facility is approximately 1,000 acres (405 ha) and located 20 km (12 mi) from Winnipeg.The University of Manitoba is a non-denominational university, founded by Alexander Morris, that received a charter on February 28, 1877. It officially opened on June 20, 1877 to confer degrees on students graduating from its three founding colleges: St. Boniface College (Roman Catholic/Francophone), St John’s College (Anglican) and Manitoba College (Presbyterian). The University of Manitoba granted its first degrees in 1880. The University was the first to be established in western Canada. Alan Beddoe designed the university coats of arms.The university has added a number of colleges to its corporate and associative body. In 1882 the Manitoba Medical College, which had been founded by some physicians and surgeons, became a part of the University. Charles Henry Wheeler (architect) designed the Bacteriological Research Building (1897), part of the Manitoba Medical College. George Creeford Browne (architect) designed the Science Building, 1899-1900.In 1901 the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba changed the University Act so that the university could do its own teaching, and in 1905 a building in downtown Winnipeg became its first teaching facility with a staff of six science professors. The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership.In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law and medicine. Graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.The Manitoba Medical Alumni Association erected the Medical Corps Memorial, which is dedicated to the memory of the graduates and students of the University of Manitoba Medical College, who laid down their lives during the North West Rebellion  1 name 1900 South African War 1 name and 1914 – 1918 The Great War 7 names.The first school of architecture in western Canada was founded in 1919 at the University of Manitoba.By 1920, the university was the largest university in the Canadian Prairies and the fifth largest in Canada. It had eight faculties: Arts, Science, Law, Medicine, Engineering, Architecture, Pharmacy, and Agriculture. It awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), Bachelor of Civil Engineering (BCE), Bachelor of Electrical Engineering (BEE), Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering (BME), Bachelor of Architecture (BArch), Bachelor of Pharmacy (PhmB), Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (BSA), Bachelor of Laws (LLB), Master of Arts (MA), Master of Civil Engineering (MCE), Master of Electrical Engineering (MEE), Doctor of Medicine (MD), and Doctor of Laws (LLD). It had 1,654 male students and 359 female students, and 184 academic staff, including 6 women.The Faculty of Law was an affiliated college, the Manitoba Law School, which was founded jointly by the university and the Law Society of Manitoba in 1914. In 1920 it had 123 students, including 5 women, and 21 academic staff. It became a full part of the university in 1966.The university was originally located on Broadway. In 1929, following the addition of more programs, schools, and faculties, the university moved to its permanent site in Fort Garry, Manitoba. The university maintained the Broadway facilities for many years.The university established an Evening institute in 1936.St. Andrew’s College, which originally trained the ministry for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada, became an affiliated College in 1981. St. Andrew’s College was the first Ukrainian-language college opened by the Orthodox Church in North America. It is home to a large Ukrainian cultural and religious library.The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure. In 1967, two of the colleges that had been part of the University of Manitoba were given university status by the provincial government. United College, which had been formed by the merging of Wesley College and Manitoba College, became the University of Winnipeg, and Brandon College became Brandon University.St. Boniface College and St. John’s College, two of the founding colleges of the University, are still part of the University of Manitoba. St. Boniface College is the University’s only French language college; it offers instruction in French and facilities for the training of teachers who expect to teach in the French language. St. John’s College, which dates back to 1820, offers instruction in Arts and Science and, among other special programs, prepares men and women for the ordained ministry of the Anglican Church.Thirty-three of the buildings on the Fort Garry campus of the University of Manitoba are used for teaching. Four of these are colleges: St. John’s College, St. Paul’s College, St. Andrew’s College, and University College. The remaining buildings contain laboratories, administrative and service offices, residences, or are the property of research agencies.The university has an enrolment of approximately 27,000 students – 24,000 undergraduate and 3,000 graduate. The university offers more than 90 degrees, more than 60 at the undergraduate level. Most academic units offer graduate studies programs leading to master’s or doctoral degrees.In 2007-08, the university acquired more than $150 million in research income. The university holds 48 Canada Research Chairs and is either home to or a partner in 37 research centres, institutes and shared facilities. These centres foster collaborative research and scholarship.The University of Manitoba is the network leader of ISIS Canada (Intelligent Sensing for Innovative Structures), headquartered in the Faculty of Engineering. ISIS Canada is a National Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) developing better ways to build, repair and monitor civil structures. The university is a member of 13 other NCEs.The Centre for Defence and Security Studies at the University of Manitoba has a research, teaching and outreach program designed to advance knowledge, understanding and debate in Canada on defence and security issues.

University of Shanghai

During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, the Central China Mission of the American Southern Baptist Convention and the East China Mission of the American Baptist Missionary Union (Northern Baptists) gathered in Shanghai. The two missions collaborated for higher education, establishing the Shanghai Baptist Theological Seminary in 1906 and Shanghai Baptist College in 1909. The two were combined in 1911 to form “Shanghai Baptist College and Theological Seminary” (上海浸會大學). The name “University of Shanghai” (滬江大學) was adopted when it was registered with the Chinese Government in 1929.In 1952, University of Shanghai was merged into East China Normal University and other universities in Shanghai.

University of Hawaii at Manoa

The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (also known as UH Mānoa, the University of Hawaii, or simply UH) is a public co-educational research university, and is the flagship campus of the greater University of Hawaiʻi system. The school is located in Mānoa, an affluent neighborhood of Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaiʻi, United States, approximately three miles east and inland from downtown Honolulu and one mile from Ala Moana and Waikiki. The campus occupies the eastern half of the mouth of Mānoa Valley. It is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and is governed by the Hawaii State Legislature and a semi-autonomous board of regents, which in turn hires a president to be administrator. The university campus houses the main offices of the University of Hawaii SystemThe University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa was founded in 1907 as a land grant college of agriculture and mechanical arts. A bill by Maui Representative William Coelho introduced March 1, 1907 and signed into law March 23 enabled construction to begin. In 1912 it was renamed the College of Hawaii and moved to its present location. William Kwai Fong Yap petitioned the territorial legislature six years later for university status which led to another renaming to the University of Hawaii in 1920. This is also the founding year of the College of Arts and Sciences.In 1931 the Territorial Normal and Training School was absorbed into the university. It is now the College of Education.Today, the primary facet of the University consists of the four Colleges of Arts and Sciences: Arts and Humanities, Languages Literatures and Linguistics, Natural Sciences, and Social Sciences. The college of agriculture and mechanical arts is now the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources , one of the few agricultural colleges in the United States focused on tropical research. The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa is also home to two of the most prominent professional schools in the state. The William S. Richardson School of Law and the John A. Burns School of Medicine are the only law and medical schools in Hawaiʻi, respectively. It is also home to the Shidler College of Business which has the only AACSB accredited graduate business program in the state.The Center for Hawaiian Studies provides ‘excellence in the pursuit of knowledge concerning the Native people of Hawaii’.Together, the colleges of the university offer bachelor’s degrees in 93 fields of study, master’s degrees in 84 fields, doctoral degrees in 51 fields, first professional degrees in 5 fields, post-baccalaureate degrees in 3 fields, 28 undergraduate certification programs and 29 graduate certification programs. Total enrollment in 2012 was 20,429 students, 14,402 of which are undergraduates. There are approximately sixteen students per instructor.
With extramural grants and contracts of $436 million in 2012, UH-Mānoa exploded in terms of research related to Hawaii’s physical landscape, its people, and their heritage. The landscape facilitates advances in marine biology, oceanography, underwater robotic technology, astronomy, geology and geophysics, agriculture, aquaculture and tropical medicine. Its heritage, the people and its close ties to the Asian and Pacific region create a favorable environment for study and research in the arts, genetics, intercultural relations, linguistics, religion and philosophy.Extramural funding increased from $368 million in FY 2008 to nearly $436 million in FY 2012. Research grants increased from $278 million in FY 2008 to $317 million in FY 2012. Nonresearch awards totaled $119 million in FY 2012. Overall, extramural funding has increased by 18% over the past five years.The National Science Foundation ranks UH Manoa in the top 50 public universities for federal research funding in engineering and science.For the period of July 1, 2012 to June 20, 2013, the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology  received the largest amount of extramural funding among the Manoa units at $92 million. SOEST was followed by the John A. Burns School of Medicine at $57 million, the College of Natural Sciences and the University of Hawai‘i Cancer Center at $24 million, the Institute for Astronomy at $22 million, the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources at $18 million, and the College of Social Sciences and the College of Education at $16 million.Across the University of Hawai‘i system, the majority of research funding comes from the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, and the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA). Local funding comes from Hawaii government agencies, non-profit organizations, health organizations, and business and other interests.The $150-million medical complex in the area of Kaka‘ako opened in the spring of 2005. The facility houses a state-of-the-art biomedical research and education center that attracts significant federal funding and private sector investment in biotechnology and cancer research and development.
UH Mānoa is characterized by a wealth and variety of research projects. Research broadly conceived, is expected of every faculty member at UH Mānoa. Also, according to the Carnegie Foundation, UH Mānoa is an RU/VH very high research activity level research university.In 2013, UH Mānoa was elected to membership in the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the leading consortium of research universities for the region. APRU represents 45 premier research universities—with a collective 2 million students and 120,000 faculty members—from 16 economies in the most dynamic and diverse region of the world.According to the 2010 report of the Institutional Research Office, a plurality of students at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa are Caucasian making up twenty-five percent of the student body. Japanese Americans represent thirteen percent, native Hawaiians or part native Hawaiians comprise thirteen percent, Filipino Americans represent eight percent, and Chinese Americans make up seven percent of the student body. Twelve percent of the student body are racially mixed. Smaller populations of Pacific Islanders and other ethnic groups make up the remainder.

University of Maryland, College Park

The University of Maryland, College Park (often referred to as The University of Maryland, Maryland, UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public research university located in the city of College Park in Prince George’s County, Maryland, approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) from the northeast border of Washington, D.C. Founded in 1856, the University of Maryland is the flagship institution of the University System of Maryland. With a fall 2010 enrollment of more than 37,000 students, over 100 undergraduate majors, and 120 graduate programs, Maryland is the largest university in the state and the largest in the Washington Metropolitan Area. It is a member of the Association of American Universities and competes athletically as a member of the Big Ten Conference.The University of Maryland’s proximity to the nation’s capital has resulted in strong research partnerships with the Federal government. Many members of the faculty receive research funding and institutional support from agencies such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Department of Homeland Security.The operating budget of the University of Maryland during the 2009 fiscal year was projected to be approximately US$1.531 billion. For the same fiscal year, the University of Maryland received a total of $518 million in research funding, surpassing its 2008 mark by $118 million. As of May 11, 2012, the university’s “Great Expectations” campaign had exceeded $950 million in private donations.On March 6, 1856, the forerunner of today’s University of Maryland was chartered as the Maryland Agricultural College. Two years later, Charles Benedict Calvert, a future U.S. Congressman, purchased 420 acres of the Riverdale Plantation in College Park. Calvert founded the school later that year. On October 5, 1859, the first 34 students entered the Maryland Agricultural College.The school became a land grant college in February 1864.During the Civil War, financial problems forced the administrators to sell off 200 acres of land, and the continuing decline in enrollment sent the Maryland Agricultural College into bankruptcy. For the next two years the campus was used as a boys preparatory school. Following the Civil War, in February 1866 the Maryland legislature assumed half ownership of the school. The college thus became in part a state institution. By October 1867, the school reopened with 11 students. In the next six years, enrollment grew and the school’s debt was paid off.Twenty years later, the school’s reputation as a research institution began, as the federally funded Agricultural Experiment Station was established there. During the same period, a number of state laws granted the college regulatory powers in several areas—including controlling farm disease, inspecting feed, establishing a state weather bureau and geological survey, and housing the board of forestry. Morrill Hall the oldest instructional building still in use on campus was built the following year.

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